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Serviceberry, shadbush

Amelanchier spp.


Plant Type

Shrub or small tree

Hardiness Zone

4 - 8

Flower Color

Pink to reddish, turning to white

Bloom Period

April through June

Height at Maturity

5 feet to 25 feet

Width at Maturity

4 feet to 15 feet

Sun Requirements

Part shade

Soil Type


About this species:

The serviceberry may be a shrub or a tree, depending on the species.   The leaves are 1 to 3 inches long, toothed and often blunt-tipped.  The buds are pink to reddish in color and turning white when fully developed.  Small  fruits appear in early summer if the flowers are pollinated.  These will turn to small purple-dark purple as the fruit ripens.   These are edible.  The foliage turns vibrant in the fall.    

 The flowers are droopng white clusters in early spring before the leaves appear.  This is where the common name "shadbush" comes from.  The plant blossoms when the shad are running up the river.

This plant is beneficial to many birds and animals because of their fruit in the fall.  Rabbit, beaver, deer and moose may browse on the twigs.


Key to Label Symbols:

Hollow stems, leaves and roots are sources of shelter for wildlife. Insects may make a winter home under dropped leaves. Other animals may make shelters within the roots of the plant.
Food Source
Birds and other wildlife use the seeds, berries and leaves for their food source. Leaves may be used to help build nests for birds
Nectar Source
Bees, butterflies, birds and some insects use nectar for their food. Pollen is also used by some wildlife.
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