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Echinacea pupurea


Plant Type


Hardiness Zone

3 - 9

Flower Color

Bloom Period

June through August

Height at Maturity

1-3 feet

Width at Maturity

1-2 feet

Sun Requirements

Full sun

Soil Type

Loose, well drained, clay, rocky soil

About this species:

The coneflower attracts birds and other insects with its seed heads.  It is certainly food for small birds.  It is deer resistant.

As part of the daisy family, the coneflower is a highly adaptable plant and once established, is drought tolerant.  Deadheading will emcourage reblooming and keeps the plant tidy.  It is a very low- maintenance plant.  The coneflower is susceptible to leaf disease and powdery mildew when planted in shade.  There is also the possibility of a plant virus carried by pesky little bugs called thrips.  Thrips feed on the pollen and transmit the virus.  The plant will show erratic growth; there is no cure but to dig up the plant.

Other Interesting Notes on Usage

Coneflowers have a variety of colors making it a welcome addition to flower arrangements.  It is also used for medicinal purposes.  Its properties are useful in herbal teas to strengthen the immune system.


Key to Label Symbols:

Hollow stems, leaves and roots are sources of shelter for wildlife. Insects may make a winter home under dropped leaves. Other animals may make shelters within the roots of the plant.
Food Source
Birds and other wildlife use the seeds, berries and leaves for their food source. Leaves may be used to help build nests for birds
Nectar Source
Bees, butterflies, birds and some insects use nectar for their food. Pollen is also used by some wildlife.
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