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Spotted Geranium

Geranium maculatum


Plant Type


Hardiness Zone

3 - 9

Flower Color

Pink to light purple

Bloom Period

April through May

Height at Maturity

12 inches - 18 inches

Width at Maturity

8 inches - 12 inches

Sun Requirements

Sun to part shade

Soil Type

Rich loamy soil with abundant organic matter, average to wet

About this species:

The spotted geranium, Geranium maculatum, is a clump forming, woodland perennial which is native to eastern North America.  It forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24 inches tall and 18 inches wide.  It features 1 1/4 inch diameter, pink to lilac, saucer shaped, upward facing, 5 petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6 to 7 weeks.  The flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which gives us the common name of crane's bill.  Its genus name comes from the Greek word "geranos" meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane.  Nectar from  its flowers attracts butterflies, bees and other pollinators.  When the seed pod is sripe the seeds are exspelled.  Songbirds eat the seeds.

There is no serious insect or disease problem, though you want to be cautious of snails and slugs.  Rust and leaf spot may occur.  During the hottest part of the summer the foliage may decline and yellow.  Shear it back to reshape the spotted geranium.  This plant tolerates damage by deer and rabbits.

This plant was medicinally used by Native Americans to treat diarrhea and open sores or wounds.


Key to Label Symbols:

Hollow stems, leaves and roots are sources of shelter for wildlife. Insects may make a winter home under dropped leaves. Other animals may make shelters within the roots of the plant.
Food Source
Birds and other wildlife use the seeds, berries and leaves for their food source. Leaves may be used to help build nests for birds
Nectar Source
Bees, butterflies, birds and some insects use nectar for their food. Pollen is also used by some wildlife.
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