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Golden Alexandra

Zizia Aurea


Plant Type


Hardiness Zone

3 - 9

Flower Color


Bloom Period

April through June

Height at Maturity

12-30 inches

Width at Maturity

24 inchees

Sun Requirements

Full sun to partial shade

Soil Type

Moist, loamy, some rocky

About this species:

Interesting benefits to wildlife features:

The Golden Alexanders is a native perennial very attractive to insects that are short tongued pollinators. It attracts both the black and the woodland swallow tailed butterflies. The plants’ nectar and pollen are collected by different types of bees. And the ladybird beetles lay eggs under the flower heads. An important benefit to planting the Golden Alexander is that it attracts beneficial insects that are predatory to many common garden pest insects.  As importantly, it is deer and rabbit resistant. This native plant supports local pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

Other interesting notes on usage:

The golden Alexanders are found in many different habitats: meadows, fields, shores of rivers and lakes and forests. It is found in most of Maine’s counties. This plant will easily self-seed and if not kept in check can become invasive because of its quick growth. A planting alongside coneflowers or rudbeckias is attractive. The golden blossoms can provide support for surrounding flowers. It has reddish branching stems. Its foliage is light green. The flower heads are lacy with an oily look. All parts of the plant are edible. Perhaps you would enjoy using the flower heads added to tossed salads.


Key to Label Symbols:

Hollow stems, leaves and roots are sources of shelter for wildlife. Insects may make a winter home under dropped leaves. Other animals may make shelters within the roots of the plant.
Food Source
Birds and other wildlife use the seeds, berries and leaves for their food source. Leaves may be used to help build nests for birds
Nectar Source
Bees, butterflies, birds and some insects use nectar for their food. Pollen is also used by some wildlife.
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